Ems single person tent
, "study of cave drawings" of "mesolithic people" and "A cave painting in Ariege, France" that "shows a strange being with human feet and hands and antlers who has been identified as a 'psychiatrist (witch doctor)', but it is not clear how this identification has been made.
This original site is now located under the the Liverpool Street railway station.By the fourteenth century (1300) "the main beneficiaries, apart from the Hospital and its staff, were probably poor people who lived locally, rather than the Order of Bethlehem.As the social and political changes of the onwards made alms-collecting more difficult, the Hospital started to concentrate ever more on the care of the sick, and in particular on the care of the mad., written about 1520 and published 1567 was called (English translation of title) "Diseases which lead to a Loss of Reason".The introduction makes it clear that these are not caused by spirits, but are natural diseases.Thus, it would be a very holy thing and work for Valencia to build a hostel or hospital where such insane or innocent persons could be housed so that they would not be wandering through the city and could not hurt nor be hurt." Pope Sixtus 4th issued a papal bull extending the power of the Inquisition to Spain.
The Inquisition, established in some countries in the thirteenth century, was responsible for the torture and execution of many people with mental illness.
Their achievement was to offer a natural alternative to ideas of demonic possession.
Ackernecht argues that "the increase of witch hunting" and the natural (scientific) alternatives "are aspects of the 1518 In 1518 King Henry 8th, on the advice of his court physician, founded the Royal College of Physicians (London) to control who practised as a physician in London and so protect the public from quacks.
This is part of , all land reverted to the king on the chief tenant's death, to be reclaimed by any lawful heir on payment of a fee.
The King's Officers, throughout the country, who regulated these affairs were called "Escheators" was a religious institution focusing primarily on collecting and distributing alms.
See "In this city, there are many and very important pious and charitable initiatives.